1995 Acura NSX/NSX-T -- Introduction
The intention in creating the Acura NSX was to produce a hand-built, exotic, mid-engine sports car that would establish entirely new levels of prestige, performance, refinement, driveability and reliability. The NSX is designed to represent an entirely new definition of the exotic sports car.
For the 1995 model year Acura introduces the NSX-T. This model features a removable roof panel to provide the unique thrill of open-top motoring. The goal was to create a different level of excitement and broaden the appeal of the NSX, while maintaining the extremely high levels of performance and sophistication established by the NSX coupe.
As might be expected, creating the NSX-T involved far more than removing the fixed roof and engineering a new removable panel. Engineers extensively reinforced critical areas in the body to ensure that the handling precision and rigidity standards of the coupe were retained as much as possible. Special reinforcements were made in the rocker panels, front and rear bulkheads, floorpan and other vital areas.
All 1995 NSX models also feature a number of technical updates and refinements. Key among these is the optional Formula One-inspired Sport Shift automatic transmission with a unique column-mounted electronic shifter. Unlike other systems, this unit allows the driver to manually select a gear without the drivers hands leaving the steering wheel. This not only adds to the enjoyment of performance driving by allowing the driver to more quickly select a gear, it also enhances safety by allowing the driver to maintain his full attention to the road ahead.
Other innovations include a drive-by-wire throttle system, a new exhaust and muffler configuration for greater efficiency and lower emissions, an OBD-II onboard diagnostic system, improvements in the Traction Control System (TCS) and newly developed fuel injectors. The drive-by-wire system also allows the engineers to lower the threshold at which the Traction Control System will operate, an enhancement to stability and driver control. Beginning this year, all NSX models will feature a standard variable electric power-assisted steering system, a compact and efficient system pioneered in the first-year NSX equipped with the automatic transmission.
All 1995 NSX models meet 1997 federally mandated side impact safety standards.
Concepts and Goals
In designing the original NSX, the engineers formulated a list of attributes the automobile was to possess.
- Top-rank performance equal to or greater than existing exotics.
- Excellentliveability.The NSXhad to be as easy to live with as any other Acura.
- Outstanding handling.
- A high level of comfort and ergonomic design, and low ambient noise level.
- Reliability and durability equal to mass-produced automobiles.
- Lightweight construction throughout.
- Extremely high level of fit, finish and materials.
- Limited production.
- Excellent climate control system that could keep the occupants comfortable under any weather condition.
The NSX achieved all these goals and established itself on a level equal to or greater than existing exotic sports cars. Goals for the NSX-T include all the original attributes of the NSX, plus the intangible excitement of open-air motoring. Priorities include:
- Maintaining body rigidity for excellent handling and precision.
- Maintaining original levels of noise insulation.
- Providing a convenient storage compartment for the roof panel.
- Minimizing wind buffeting at speed
- Providing a security system that functions with the top removed.
The mid-engine, 2-seater NSX is powered by an all-aluminum, 3.0-liter V-6 which produces 270 hp and 210lbs-ft of torque. The normally aspirated engine is equipped with dual overhead cams, four valves per cylinder, a Variable Valve Timing and Lift Electronic Control (VTEC) system, and a Variable Volume Induction System intake configuration. The engine also offers Programmed Fuel Injection (pGM-FI) and a direct ignition system that uses an individual coil mounted atop each spark plug instead of a single coil for the entire system. A 5-speed manual transaxle is standard, with an electronically controlled 4-speed automatic with Formula One-inspired SportShift mode available as optional equipment.
The chassis features all-aluminum construction for light weight. The 4-wheel independent double-wishbone suspension also features aluminum-alloy control arms and hub carriers front and rear, and aluminum subframes for the front and rear suspension. The braking system features ventilated 4-wheel discs front and rear, and an advanced 4-channel Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS).A sophisticated Traction Control System (TCS) has been designed to help limit wheelspin and enhance control on slippery surfaces.
Beginning with the 1995 model year, the NSX is now available in hardtop or removable top models. Both models have been engineered to meet 1997 federal side impact standards.