HEADLINES

1993 Acura Legend Sedan- Structure

OVERVIEW

The body of the second-generation Legend is completely different from that of the first generation. To meet their goals of higher quality, both visual and functional, Legend engineers created a rigid cabin, thick exterior panels with improved corrosion resistance, and incorporated a host of detail refinements. To help maintain the efficiency for which the Legend is known, while improving its performance and comfort, they employed sophisticated weight-saving techniques throughout the unit body structure.

STRUCTURE

High goals were set for the Legend Sedan's body with respect to rigidity,passive safety and corrosion resistance. The result is an increase in overall rigidity, by 30 percent in bending and 32 percent in torsion (static values), with minimal weight Increase.

To accomplish this, the latest NASTRAN computer-aided structural analysis and design programs were applied. A multitude of detail structural measures resulted. Wherever possible, for example, body pillars are interconnected by horizontal structural members in straight lines; frame areas are connected with smooth members of constant cross-section; pillars and horizontal frame elements are connected with closed-section members.

The inner and outer door panels are thicker (0.85mm vs. 0.75) and thus more rigid. The thickness of most outer body panels, except the front fender panels, has also been increased from 0.70 or 0.75 to 0.85 mm- adding not only a further increment of rigidity but increasing resistance to minor dents. As a result, cabin rigidity has been increased 27 percent. Thanks to excellent management of impact loads, primarily due to straight front frame-members and the longitudinal powertrain, less longitudinal cabin deformation in frontal impacts is achieved. Four honeycomb panels are bonded to the floorpan just ahead of the front and rear seats. Consisting of formed organic material between steel plates, the light, remarkably strong honeycomb material stems fromjet aircraft technology. For 1993, noise insulation has been improved through the use of thicker window glass and sound deadening material throughout the vehicle.

CORROSION RESISTANCE

All critical body panels are galvanized (zinc-coated). In fact most areas are zinc coated on both sides. The only body-in-white component not galvanized in the new Legend body is the roof.

FIT AND FINISH

In their quest for quality, the Acura body engineers analyzed all the gaps between body panels, between hood and trunk and the body, and at points where separate units such as headlights and taillights mount to the body. Over the various areas of the body, all gaps were reduced, and some were virtually eliminated.

A 4-coat/4-bake, 23-step finishing process enhances corrosion protection while contributing to the durability and quality appearance of the Legend. Corrosion resistant coats include zinc phosphate, sealant, a chip-resistant lower-body primer and a PVC undercoat. Additionally, wax is injected into areas where moisture might accumulate. The air dam, front fender leading edges, the hood's forward portion and the rocker panels are coated with a layer of flexible plastic prior to painting to help prevent chipping.

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